The Karate in Japanese Style
fighting, IOC, karate, life, Olympic Committee, sport, WKF, WUKO

Koshiki Karate in Russia

The Koshiki Karate translated from Japanese as «rigid karate». You can also translate and how «traditional karate». This phenomenon in the world of martial arts emerged in the late 70s of the last century. On the initiative of the leading Japanese masters was attempted to create a modern competitive system of the fights, that could unite all schools and trends of the modern karate.

In 1977, to bring together all organizations developing multiple destinations karate to promote karate as a new sport in the Olympic Games was created by the World Union of Karate-do Organizations, or WUKO. In the composition of the governing bodies of the new organization were invited to almost all the leading karate masters of the time.

The main objective of WUKO — is the unification of all types and styles of karate-do and promotion the karate to the Olympics. The main problem in dealing with such a difficult task was the development of uniform rules of competition in the karate, satisfying the requirements of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). In relation to existing competitive systems of modern karate, practiced by various organizations (eg, such as the World Karate Federation, or WKF).

Championship in Moscow

Some excerpts from the rules of the World Karate Federation:

    Official flag of the Koshiki Karate
  • Rules of the fights in Koshiki karate allow to apply any punches from the arsenal of modern karate-do. The combination of the application of punches, kicks, punches in the pole throwing techniques allows athletes to work on virtually any distance.
  • Competition Rules also provide for the assessment of mutual attacks athletes (simultaneously, or with a small time interval).
  • The fighters must use the special protective equipment. It consists of head protection — helmet equipped with a protective shield of optically transparent plastic housing and protection — chest plate.
  • The clothing for the sporting judges working on the tatami, are the traditional black hakama. A shoe for the sports judges don't allowed.

For today, the World Koshiki Karate Union has some really complex problems. One of the main, of course, is restoration of the authority Koshiki Karate in the world as one of the competitive forms of modern karate-do. Authority, which was largely wasted in recent years.

Photos by Helen Che

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How To Create a Bonsai Dish Garden
bonsai dish garden, bonsai garden, bonsai gardening, bonsai tree garden, how to bonsai dish garden
Japanese culture

How To Create A Bonsai Dish Garden

Creating your own bonsai dish garden is limited only by your imagination. You have multiple options starting with the actual container, to the bonsai tree of your choice, and finished off with any decorations you select. This article was written with the help of Bonsai Tree Gardener and its article on How To Create A Bonsai Dish Garden. If you require more information, you can refer to the original article as reference.

Purchasing Your Bonsai Tree

When planning your garden begin with selecting a shrub or tree which is bonsai dish garden appropriate. This means your choice should be able to survive extensive pruning, and have small leaves. Many nurseries have multiple choices to select from including: Ficus, Japanese maples, and firs. When purchasing from a local nursery, the options generally are suitable to your local climate. If you order from a mail order source, you will need to be careful to be sure your selection will survive the heat and/or humidity of your home.

After you have selected your specimen, whether it is formal or informal upright, cascading, semi cascading or slanting, you need to select your container. Many nurseries have bonsai specific dishes, if not any shallow container will work. It is preferred the dish be made of ceramic, however, other materials are acceptable including clay. Before purchasing the container, be sure it has drainage holes for excess water to drain. You will find pots in all shapes and colors. You may decide to select one to go specifically with the d├ęcor of your home, or maybe one particularly complimenting the plant itself.

Bonsai Care

Once you have selected your plant(s) and containers, it is time to get your hands dirty with a little hands on exercise. To prevent your soil from escaping from the holes in the bottom of the container, add a small piece of wire mesh. If you will be training your bonsai selection yourself, you will need to thread wire thru the mesh to aid in the shaping of the tree or shrub. The wire you use to shape can be copper or aluminum. Aluminum is the weaker material, but will not damage your tree. If you use copper wire you will need to be careful not to scar the plant.

Planting Material

Now your pot is ready for planting material. There are a limited number of options regarding the soil composition. Many experts use Akadama, cat litter, or fired clay. However, for organic soil a combination of peat and compost bark is an excellent medium. Carefully add multiple layers of your potting mixture on top of the wire mesh and shaping wires. You are now ready to plant your nursery selection. Carefully remove the plant from the grower’s pot and examine the roots for damage. Trim away any damaged roots and trim to fit in the container. Use the protruding wires to secure the roots of your plant, and then continue to cover with the potting mixture.

When you are finished, add any decorative choices. This may include a decorative rock, or any item of interest. There is no limit to where your imagination may take you. Decorations are not required, but are a way to express yourself. When you are finished gently water the tree until excess water seeps from the drainage holes. Avoid jostling the plant for several days giving the roots a chance to take hold and become secure.